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The Australian National University

Dr Carolyn Strange

Deputy Head of School, Graduate Director and

Senior Fellow

Contact details:

Rm 2115, Coombs Building
Fellows Rd, Australian National University

ph. [61 2]6125-2613


PhD (U.S. and women's history) Rutgers, State University of New Jersey, USA
M.A. (Canadian History) University of Ottawa, Canada 
B.A. hons. (European History) University of Western Ontario, Canada

Biography and interests:

I have studied and taught in Canada, the U.S. and Australia. As a specialist in legal, social and cultural history my work focuses on the nineteenth and twentieth-century. I have worked in a variety of disciplines and inter-disciplinary fields, including gender studies, law, criminology, media studies and environmental studies. My research focuses on two clusters of issues: gender, sexuality, medicine, crime, and punishment; and place, memory and identity in modernity.

Through my publications, curatorial work, as well as conferences and public symposia I aim to bridge divides in scholarly communities and to reach out to the wider public.

My latest ARC Discovery Project Grant, awarded in November 2014, is an interdisciplinary team project that connects history with criminology, psychology and contemporary law enforcement. Through quantitative and qualitative methodologies it will interrogate the historical drivers of public perceptions of sex crime, as well as shifting policy responses to sexual offending, from the late-nineteenth to the late-twentieth century in Australia and Canada.

In 2011 I convened a public conference on 'Honour Killing across Culture and Time', which was the ANU Gender Institute's 'Signature Event' of 2011 (see In 2009 I convened a symposium, hosted at the National Museum of Australia (see In 2005 I convened the multi-disciplinary conference, 'Pain and Death: Politics, Aesthetics, Legalities', one outcome of which was a special issue of Humanities Research: .

In 2012 I was appointed Adjunct Professor of Arts, Education and Creative Media at Murdoch University, Perth.

Current research projects:

My most recent monograph, Discretionary Justice: Pardon and Parole in New York, from the Revolution to the Depression (in press with  New York University Press) will appear in 2016. In 2012 I was awarded the New York State Archives Hackman Research Residency Fellowship to undertake research on this project. In 2013, the New York State Archives recognised my preliminary publications for this project with its 'researcher of the year' award. In 2014 I was awarded a fellowship from the Huntington Library, California, to study papers concerning the politics of pardoning in the nineteenth century.

This book is one of several outcomes from my 2010 ARC Discovery Project. Another was 'Parricide! A Murder Close to Home', a radio documentary on ABC's Hindsight. It may be downloaded here:

I have also published articles that have interrogated issues that preoccupied Americans in the nineteenth century, including the legal and cultural erosion of masculine familial prerogatives; the medicalisation of criminal responsibility; women’s growing use of law to advance individual and collective ambitions and citizenship aspirations; and the forging of an heroic national memory from a deeply conflicted past.

Two further outcomes of that grant are edited volumes. With Robert Cribb and Christopher E. Forth, I have edited and contributed to Honour, Violence and Emotions in History (London: Bloombsbury Academic, 2014).

With Aisha Gill and Karl Roberts I have edited and contributed to Honour Killing and Violence: Theory, Policy and Practice (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014).

Courses taught:

In the undergraduate program I teach HIST2232, 'Crime and Justice: Historical Dilemmas'. This course is also open to students studying in ANU's Criminology program, administered through the School of Sociology.

I also teach HIST2213, 'Masculinities  in Western History'.

Since my arrival at ANU in 2004 I have delivered numerous graduate training and skills workshops. I have designed and led graduate workshops at numerous universities, including the University of Sydney, Murdoch University and Warwick University's Institute of Advanced Study.

I have designed and continue to convene the School of History's graduate research coursework programme, including 'The Craft of History', 'Effective and Ethical Research', 'Thesis Preparation', and 'The Professional Historian'.

Selected publications:

In Press

Pardon and Parole: Discretionary Justice in New York, from the Revolution to the Depression (New York: New York University Press, 2016 forthcoming). 

Recent Books and Edited Collections

Honour Killing and Violence: Theory, Policy and Practice (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014) [co-editors Robert Cribb and Christopher E. Forth]

Honour, Violence and Emotions in History (London: Bloombsbury Academic, 2014). [co-editors Aisha Gill and Karl Roberts]

Passing, Imitations, Crossings,special issue of Humanities Research, XV 3(2010) [Monique Rooney, co-editor]

Griffith Taylor: Visionary, Environmentalist, Explorer (Toronto: University of Toronto Press and Canberra, National Library of Australia, 2008) [Alison Bashford, co-author]

Pain and Death: Politics, Aesthetics and Legalities, special issue of Humanities Research, XV, 2(2007)

True Crime, True North: the Golden Age of Canadian Pulp Magazines (Vancouver: Raincoast Books, 2004) [Tina Loo, Co-author]

Recent Articles and refereed book chapters"

"Mercy and Parole in Anglo-American Criminal Justice Systems from the Eighteenth to the Twenty-first Century," in Paul Knepper and Anja Johansen, eds., Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016): 573-96.

"The Battlefields of Personal and Public Memory: Commemorating the Battle of Saratoga (1777) in the late Nineteenth Century," Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era, 14 2(April 2015): 194-221. 

"Sisterhood of Blood: The Will to Descend and the Formation of the Daughters of the American Revolution," Journal of Women’s History, 26, 3 (Fall 2014): 105-28.

"Quality Control and Digitised Cultural Artefacts: Mining for the Meanings of a Murder," (with Daniel McNamara, Ian Wood and Joshua Wodak) Digital Humanities Quarterly, 8 1(2014) [online:] 9084 words

"The Ambivalent Embrace of Kingly Power: Executive Clemency in Mid-Nineteenth Century American Political Thought," American Political Thought, 3 1( 2014): 64-94.

“History off the books at the Australian National University: Preparing postgraduate students for history at large,” History Australia, 10 3(December 2013): 264-269.

'Never to be Released?', Criminal Law Journal, 36 6 (2012): 395-6 (featured in Thompson Reuters 'Journals Talk: A community of Legal Posts, Papers and Personalities')

'Reconsidering the "Tragic" Scott Expedition: Cheerful Masculine Home-making in Antarctica,1910-13', Journal of Social History 46 1(Fall, 2012): 66-89.

‘Stanley Kubrick’s A Clockwork Orange as Art against Torture’, Crime, Media and Culture, 6 3(December 2010): 267-84 [republished with minor amendments in Michael Flynn and Fabiola Fernandez Salek, eds., Screening Torture (New York: Columbia University Press) forthcoming 2011

'How did women's war relief in the Spanish-American War alter traditions of female benevolence and pave the way for women's formal military service?', Women and social movements in the United States 1600-2000, 15 2(September, 2011)

‘The Unwritten Law of Executive Justice: Pardoning Patricide in Reconstruction-era New York’, Law and History Review, 28 4(November 2010): 891-30

‘The Personality of Environmental Prediction: Griffith Taylor as Latter-Day Prophet’, Historical Records of Australian Science, 21 2(December 2010):133-48 

‘Transgressive Transnationalism: Griffith Taylor and Global Thinking’, Australian Historical Studies, 41 1(2010): 25-40.

‘Eugenics in Canada: a checkered History’, in Alison Bashford and Philippa Levine, eds., Eugenics: a World History (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010) (Jennifer Stephen, co-author): 523-38.

‘A Case for Legal Records in Women’s and Gender History’, Journal of Women’s History, 22 2(June 2010): 144-8.

‘Griffith Taylor’s Antarctica: Science, Sentiment and Politics’, Polar Record, 46 236(2009): 65-74.

‘Thinking Historically about Public Health’, Medical Humanities, 33 (December 2007): 87-92 (co-author Alison Bashford).

‘The Shock over Torture: A Historiographical Challenge’, History Workshop Journal, 61 (2006): 135-52.

‘Hybrid History and the Re-trial of the Painful Past’, Crime, Media and Culture, 2 2(2006): 197-215

‘Postcard from Plaguetown: Mediating Exoticism in SARS-struck Toronto’, in Alison Bashford, ed., Medicine at the Border: Disease, Globalization, and Security, 1850 to the present (London: Palgrave, 2006): 219-39

Recent Exhibits and related Creative Productions

‘Griffith Taylor: Global Geographer’ (Macleay Museum, University of Sydney, June-Nov, 2009)

Griffith Taylor: Global Geographer (museum catalogue) (Sydney: Macleay Museum, 2009)

Griffith Taylor: Prophet and Pariah (National Library of Australia, Nov. 2008-March 2009)

Violent Ends: the Arts of Environmental Anxiety (National Museum of Australia, June 2009)

‘Violent Ends’: (dedicated website)

Griffith Taylor Speaks on Australian National Problems (dvd, 3 mins 20 sec., National Library of Australia)

Updated: 2 March 2016/ Responsible Officer:  Head of School / Page Contact:  Web Publisher